Women are more prone to Urinary Tract Infections than men. This can be attributed to the general structure of both their reproductive systems. Every woman at least has a story of either an episode or a couple of episodes of urinary tract infections in her lifetime.
Urinary Tract infections are infections that occur in the urinary tract that includes the bladder, kidneys, ureter and urethra. The infections occur in either of these places as a result of bacteria colonizing the bladder and spreading to other areas . This happens when the self-cleaning system of the urinary tract fails.
There are different types of urinary tract infections and each is associated with the place it occurs, can be in the upper or lower tract. In the urethra it manifests as urethritis, in the kidney as pyelonephritis and in the bladder as cystitis.
- Poor hygiene in the privates especially for women, it is advisable to wipe from front to back to avoid introducing bacteria into the urinary tract.
- Immunosuppression. This is reduced immunity due to chronic illnesses e.g. diabetes.
- Sexual intercourse may introduce bacteria into the female tract.
- Pregnancy since it leads to anatomical changes.
- Catheter use.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF A UTI
- Urine odor-smelly urine
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Fever or Chills
- Hematuria-blood in urine
- Urine frequency and urgency
- Discolored discharge
- Oliguria(Small amounts of urine) or Polyuria(large amounts of dilute urine)
TREATMENT AND HOME REMEDIES
- Rehydrating as frequent as you can. This helps in passing of less concentrated urine that does not affect the urethral normal flora.
- Visiting the doctor as soon as any of these symptoms set in helps in early treatment before it spreads further. Medication will include antibiotics.
- Urinating after sexual intercourse and any other time you feel the urge to do so.
- Eat food with probiotics mostly fermented foods e.g. yoghurt.